Gum Disease Treatment
Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss among adults, and many adults in the US currently have some form of it already! Minor cases of gum disease may only cause inflammation, while more severe cases cause damage to the tissue and bones, resulting in tooth loss. It’s sneaky, often presenting no symptoms in its earliest stages called gingivitis. By the time you notice, puffy, irritated, bleeding gums, periodontal disease may have already set in.
What Causes Gum Disease?
There are many causes for gum disease. Some you and your dentist have control over, while others, such as genetic susceptibility, you may not. What else may cause periodontal problems?
- Hormones due to puberty, pregnancy, or menopause
- Poor oral hygiene
- Lack of consistent, professional dental care
- Tobacco use
- Stress and teeth grinding
- Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes
Our mouths contain a lot of bacteria. Bacteria, mucus and other particles cause sticky plaque to form on our teeth. If the plaque isn’t removed with proper brushing and flossing, it can harden to form tartar. Once plaque turns to tartar, the only way to remove it is with a professional dental cleaning. Regular brushing will not be enough. Plaque and tartar that remain on teeth are harmful. Over time the gums will become inflamed and bleed easily. This is known as gingivitis—a mild form of gum disease. Gingivitis can be reversed by brushing and flossing daily, and with regular dental cleaning.
If gingivitis is not treated, it can become periodontitis, which causes inflammation around teeth. In periodontitis, the gums pull away from the teeth and form deep infected pockets. Your immune system will begin to fight the infection; however, between the bacteria and your body’s defense system, bones and connective tissue begin to breakdown, causing serious damage and tooth loss.
Treatments & Therapy
Gum disease can be treated with a variety of different methods:
- Scaling and rooting planing: This is one of the most effective and common ways to treat gum disease. Scaling removes any dental tartar from your teeth, while root planing treats the infected pockets.
- Antibiotics: Oral or topical antibiotics may be used to treat periodontal infections or to control the bacteria.
- Periodontal Laser Treatment: This treatment removes inflamed pockets and decreases bacterial growth. Laser therapy in conjunction with scaling and root planing can be an effective gum disease treatment.
- Dental Implants: This long-term solution for replacing missing teeth has become one of the preferred methods for tooth loss treatment. A small titanium screw is inserted into the jawbone and is given time to allow the surrounding bone and tissue to fuse with it. Finally, an artificial tooth is placed over the screw to complete your smile.
Gum Disease Therapy for New Brunswick Patients
If you’ve noticed a change in your gums, especially bleeding while brushing your teeth, it’s important to see Dr. Shah right away. Depending upon the severity of your case, we may recommend deep cleaning to remove debris and encourage a stronger bond between the teeth and gums. Dr. Shah also offers ultrasonic techniques and soft-tissue laser therapy to restore gums to health.
Are you interested in learning more about your gum disease treatment and therapy options? Call our North Brunswick, NJ office at (732) 246-8181 today and schedule an appointment!